Cappadocia is a different world, rather a different window with its history and natural beauties. A must-see and enchanted place that impress the visitors.
This magical wonder of the world, that was formed due to long-termed erosion because of wind and rain for many years, of lava and ashes, which emerged as a result of explosion of Erciyes, Hasandağı and Güllüdağ mountains nearly 60 million years before now, is one of the main world-known natural beauties of our country. Beyond this great scenery, which emerged as a result of natural incidents, historical structures from Roman and Byzantium period are also among the other elements that increase the interest to the region.
GÖREME; THE CAPITAL CITY OF CAPPADOCIA
With cave churches from Byzantium era, shelters engraved in the rocks and the unique fairy chimneys Göreme is among the main sightseeing areas in Cappadocia region. The most remarkable place of this valley, in which nearly all rocks, located therein, were turned into worship, life and teaching areas after engraved with manpower, is Göreme Outdoor Museum, which is flooded by visitors during four seasons and that was also included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1985. Having maintained the training up to nearly one thousand years, the museum has a complex structure that incorporates living areas such as a church, monastery, chapel, dining room and kitchen. While Uçhisar Castle, which is once again located in the same region, has a panoramic view that will spread all of the area under your feet, Zelve, Güvercinlik, Love Valleys and Kızılçukur Valley are the points where it is possible to see different beauties of the region and that offer generous views for the visitors.
THE SECOND IN THE WORLD; ‘IHLARA VALLEY’
Having the characteristics of being the second biggest canyon of the world thanks to its unique and matchless scenery, Ihlara Valley emerged as a result of erosion by Melendiz stremlet that flows through the area, which collapsed following the explosion of Hasandağı volcano. Bewitching the visitors and allowing for unique photographs, this natural wonder valley is flooded by visitors from many places of the world in every period of the year thanks to its plant cover and historical beauties.
CENTURIES-OLD TRAVEL: UNDERGROUND CITIES
Cappadocia exposed to military raids and attacks of many civilizations in its history for thousands of years. This is why; there are rooms in the form of shelters nearly under all houses to hide in case of danger as well as passages that connect the houses to each other. After a while, underground villages were established by moving the settlement under the ground and furthermore, underground cities were established through the passages that connect those villages together. The first one among the deepest and widest underground cities of Cappadocia is Derinkuyu Underground City. Named after fifty-two water-wells therein, this underground city was discovered in 1963. And the other big underground city is Kaymaklı Underground City, which is also included in UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage List. In addition to these underground cities, there are nearly 10 large and small underground cities in the region.
ENJOYABLE MOMENTS ARE WAITING FOR YOU
As well as the historical places and underground cities in Cappadocia, there are many activities you can take part. One of the most performed activities in the city is balloon tour. It is possible to travel Göreme Open-Air Museum with this tour. Apart from balloon tours, Cappadocia offers a unique safari opportunity with the horses that have a major role in naming the area as “The Region of Beautiful Horses.” At the same time, pot manufacture centers, located in Avonos are also the favorable addresses for the tourists.
Cappadocia was mentioned as ‘’Katpakuta’’ in a letter that belongs to Darius, the Persian King of the period and that was engraved in three languages. The meaning of this word in Persian language is "The Region of Beautiful Horses."
Cappadocia cuisine is prepared based on specific traditional characteristics of Central Anatolia and it offers unique tastes for the visitors. In addition to kebab cooked in a sealed clay pot, called as ‘osbar’ in this matchless cuisine, village bread, ‘Gendime’ soup, milky soup, prepared with bulgur and milk and ‘kömbe’ i.e., pie, which is made as plain, with mince and cheese and that is cooked in oven, are also well-known. As for ‘Aside’ dessert, which is a local and that much interesting taste, is made by frying the boiled potatoes once they have been kneaded with bulgur. And the milky and banana version of pumpkin seeds, which is accepted to be a healing taste and that is a must for winter season is among the tastes that must be definitely tasted.