Located both within the borders of Europe and Northern America, Iceland is one of the main definitely must-see places thanks to its volcanos, glaciers, natural beauties and northern lights, which nearly make all these magical.
This island, on which the Vikings coming from Norway settled for the first time, was discovered in 861. In the following years, the island, which lost its independency with the start of internal conflicts, came under the domination of primarily by Norway and then by Denmark. Geographically located in the North of the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Greenland and between the islands of Norway and Britain, Iceland was occupied for defense excuse by Great Britain in 1940, by the United States of America in 1941 due to its geographical position. In 1944, it became an independent country following a referendum. Iceland is the country in Europe where settlement emerged most recently and the “Althing” i.e., the first assembly in the world was established here.
GLACIAL COUNTRY COVERED WITH VOLCANOS
Nearly most of the volcanos held by Iceland, square measure of which is 103.000 square kilometers, are volcanic and they are still active today. Heklâ is the most important and that much dangerous volcano of the island. There are ice domes, called ‘’Jokull’’ in several parts of this island country. And the biggest one among these natural beauties, which emerged as a result of volcanic eruptions is Vatnapöhull, which is at the same time the biggest one in Europe. Having a great many crater lakes as well as ice domes and volcanos, the most important lake of Iceland is the natural wonder, called as Thingvallavat, with a surface of 120 square kilometers and a depth of 116 meters. Overflowed by visitors nearly in every part of the year, this cold island country has rich thermal sources as well. These hot water sources are used by the islanders for heating and generating electrical energy.
Island is not that much cold a country despite the circle of latitude it is located in. The lowest recorded cold temperature was measured as minus 39 and the highest temperature was measured as 29 degrees.
RESTAURANT MUSEUM WITH GLASS DOME
The museum, called as Perlan in Reykjavík is one of the mostly visited places in Iceland. The most remarkable places within the museum are Ice Cave and Glaciers. What makes this museum an interesting place is the Út í bláinn restaurant under the glass dome that turns around its own axis. Completing a full tour in nearly 2 hours, this restaurant not only enables the visitors to see the natural beauties of the island but it also offers Iceland foods and popular tastes of European cuisine. Furthermore, it is also possible in the restaurant to have the opportunity to eat something under the Northern Lights in some periods of the year.
One of the first visited places by the tourists visiting Iceland, Gullfoss offers tempting images for the photographers thanks to its magnificent scenery. This wonder of nature, which emerged due to melting of the second biggest glacier of the island, is located in the southwest of the country and flushes two thousand cubic-meters of water in a second.
DANCE OF FIRE WITH ICE
With blue waters, unchanging either in winter or summer, this lake, which keep company with white snow scenery has a water, the temperature of which is 38 degrees. Overflowed by visitors even when covered with snow, Blue Lagoon has the characteristics of being a lake, visited by the tourists from all over the world to look younger, to be treated and by the Icelanders to become socialized. Also being the subject of the movies, this famous lake is named after the blue geothermal seawater. Not overwhelming with its odor and temperature unlike the thermal waters in closed areas, this unique lake offers an enjoyable yet a that much different experience to those, who spends their times here for hours.
Iceland Horse, in other words, Viking horse... In small sizes, and considered to be used by the Vikings then, this small horse species look like the Shetland ponies with its appearance, which are also seen in our country. Varying between almost 121-134 centimeters in length, these horses are strong and durable animals, adapted themselves to challenging climatic conditions. The people of the island make use of these horses for this reason for either transportation or horse riding. You will have the opportunity to see any colors of these horses frequently during your visit to Iceland. However, never forget that people of Iceland adopted to protect these horses, for which they have a high opinion and they even took some actions to prevent their expulsion. Moreover, the horses, which went abroad, are never allowed to come back to the country.
TASTES OF ICELAND
Offering unique meals, accompanied by Northern Lights, Iceland’s most favorite tastes consist of sea products. Apart from fish species, a must for the country, consumption of red meat, mainly lamb, is rather common and the puffin, which is considered to be the symbol animal unofficially, is consumed in certain periods of the year.