Ease of use, its ability to be transformed into other types of energy and prevalence in everyday life, today the concept of electricity is great importance for countries. Let's look at the energy of electricity, which can be transformed into heat, light, and even motion energy, today, and even most importantly, what will happen tomorrow.
Electric energy consumption is one of the most important indicators of the development level of the countries. At the end of the 19th century, as a result of the increasing need to obtain electrical energy for humanity, which is primarily aimed at lightening, new sources such as renewable resources, wind, solar, biomass and similar resources were started to be evaluated.
ELECTRICAL ENERGY PLACES TO THE DAILY LIFE
The demand for electrical energy is increased in the period when fossil fuel use is decreased. Let's look together; when it was first found, what to do in the future to obtain electrical energy? Electrical energy was first used in daily life in 1878. The first power station was put into service in 1882 in London. The first electricity production in our country was realized in 1902 with a small water turbine with 2 kW power installed in Tarsus. The first large power plant was a thermal power plant with 15 MW power installed in 1913 in Silahtarağa, Istanbul.
ELECTRIC POWERED VEHICLES
Although electric energy has entered later in human life, it is among the most important energy types in “this day and time”. Electrical energy can be converted into other types of energy. Today, one of the most well-known and popular is the electric cars. The first electric vehicle (EA) model was developed by Professor Stratingh in 1835 in the Netherlands. Electric cars have brought a new breath to the automotive sector and great importance since it is an alternative solution to the consumption of fossil fuels. Considering the battery capacities, there are two different types of vehicles; Full electric and hybrid vehicles. The full electric car, as understand from its name, only works with electrical energy. Hybrid car is both gasoline and electric powered. Such vehicles can run completely electrically, but when the battery charge is low, the gasoline engine starts and generates electricity. This allows the vehicle to continue run by electrically.
WHAT TO DO FOR MORE ELECTRICAL ENERGY?
Fossil fuels are quickly losing their importance with the digital transformation in the world, instead, renewable energies come to the forefront, reducing costs and less polluting air. One of these is electrical energy. If electricity energy, which is frequently mentioned among the future technologies, continues in this way, we can say that the demand for electricity will increase. So how will this increasing demand be met? Here are a few technologies that we may use in the future to obtain electrical energy...
Manpower: Manpower is also shown among the energy sources of the future. So how can electricity be generated by manpower? In fact, this method can now be made with the materials we call piezoelectric material. Piezo material converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. For example, it is possible to generate electricity if the speed bumps on the roads pass through the cars are made of this material. Or it is possible to generate electricity if the ground (floor) in the square where the human population is dense, made of this material. Considering the world population, manpower is definitely the first to be seen among the energy sources of the future.
Magma Energy: The fact that the center of the earth is so hot, as known to everyone. Geothermal energy is also obtained by subterranean sources. In the future, it is said that human beings can generate electricity using the magma source in the center of the earth. Magma energy has a significant potential in the energy sources of the future.
Tidal energy: Tidal energy is one of the highest potential of energy. 68% of the size of the power generated by the tidal depends on the moon, and 32% depends on the distance from the sun to the world. It has a capacity of 3000 GW of tidal in the world. However, only 2% of this capacity can be used as tidal energy. There are 2 kinds of electricity production methods with tidal energy. These are briefly the methods of collecting water in a pond and rotating the turbines using the wave's ascent and descent movement.
Algae Energy: The studies for the production of electricity from algae are constantly being developed. Algae can be produced and reproduced in seaweed. The seaweeds can be grown almost anywhere in the world. The animals we call alga, can be used as enormous efficiency as biofuels. Alga energy is also shown as the energy sources of the future.
Flying Wind Turbines: Wind turbines have become one of the most preferred energy sources today. Unlike the turbines we know, flying wind turbines will provide maximum benefit. The wind is also higher and higher in high altitudes. The wind is also more productive and much at high altitudes. Probably wind turbines in the future, will go hunting for wind and wind electricity production will be moved to a different dimension. Flying wind turbines will be one of the electricity generation methods of the future with energy sources.